Wikipedia 10K Redux by Reagle from Starling archive. Bugs abound!!!
<-- Previous | Newer --> | Current: 982815430 JimboWales at Thu, 22 Feb 2001 04:17:10 +0000.
Location: Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of the [[Korean Peninsula]] Geographic coordinates: 36 00 N, 138 00 E Map references: [[Asia]] Area: total: 377,835 sq km land: 374,744 sq km water: 3,091 sq km note: includes [[Bonin Islands]] (Ogasawara-gunto), Daito-shoto, Minami-jima, Okino-tori-shima, Ryukyu Islands (Nansei-shoto), and Volcano Islands (Kazan-retto) Area - comparative: slightly smaller than [[California]] Land boundaries: 0 km Coastline: 29,751 km Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 nm territorial sea: 12 nm; between 3 nm and 12 nm in the international straits - [[La Perouse]] or [[Soya]], [[Tsugaru]], Osumi, and Eastern and Western Channels of the Korea or [[Tsushima Strait]] Climate: varies from tropical in south to cool temperate in north Terrain: mostly rugged and mountainous Elevation extremes: lowest point: Hachiro-gata -4 m highest point: [[Fujiyama]] 3,776 m Natural resources: negligible mineral resources, fish Land use: arable land: 11% permanent crops: 1% permanent pastures: 2% forests and woodland: 67% other: 19% (1993 est.) Irrigated land: 27,820 sq km (1993 est.) Natural hazards: many dormant and some active volcanoes; about 1,500 seismic occurrences (mostly tremors) every year; tsunamis Environment - current issues: air pollution from power plant emissions results in acid rain; acidification of lakes and reservoirs degrading water quality and threatening aquatic life; Japan is one of the largest consumers of fish and tropical timber, contributing to the depletion of these resources in Asia and elsewhere Environment - international agreements: party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Geography - note: strategic location in northeast Asia