Wikipedia 10K Redux by Reagle from Starling archive. Bugs abound!!!
''Hades'' (hay'-deez) means both the ancient Greek "hell" or abode of the dead, and also the god of that underworld (the Roman equivalent was [[Pluto]]). ''Haidou'' was the genitive form of the word meaning "the house of Hades"; in its nominative form, ''Haides,'' it is a designation of the abode of the dead. (A Hebrew word, ''She'Ol,'' for the abode of the dead also meant literally "unseen.") The god of the underworld, was named "Hades" because and after he was given the unseen kingdom of that name. Brother of [[Zeus]]. In Greek mythology, the three brothers [[Zeus]], [[Poseidon]] and Hades drew lots for realms to rule. Zeus got the sky, Poseidon got the seas, and Hades received the Underworld, or the unseen realm to which the dead go upon leaving the world, as his kingdom. His kingdom was entered by crossing the river Styx, ferried across by [[Charon]] (kair'-on). The far side of the river was guarded by [[Cerebus]], the three-headed dog defeated by [[Heracles]] (or [[Hercules]] as the Romans referred to him). Hades obtained his eventual wife, [[Persephone]], through trickery. Hades was a fearsome figure to those still living; in no hurry to meet him, they were reticent to swear oaths in his name. To many, simply to say the word "Hades" was frightening. So, a euphemism was pressed into use. Since precious minerals come from under the earth (ruled by Hades) he was considered to have control of these as well, and was referred to as "Ploutos", Greek "wealth." This explains the name given him by the Romans, "Pluto."