Jonathan Zittrain delivers one of his most thorough and provocative discussions on the concepts of ubiquitous human computing and distributed work. Encompassing phenomena from gamification, CAPCHAs and Mechanical Turk to the X Prize, he examines the consequences of crowdsourcing, economically, legally and socially, reviews the development and present state of the practice, and invites the audience — in person and on the net — to take part in its possible futures.
The Berkman Center's Interactive collection features conversations with and talks by leading cyber-scholars, entrepreneurs, activists, and policymakers as they explore topics such as: the factors that influence knowledge creation and dissemination in the digital age; the character of power as the worlds of governance, business, citizenship, and the media meet the Internet; and the opportunities, role, and limitations of new technologies in learning.
All Berkman events, including conferences, luncheon series talks, and most meetings, are webcast then archived here, along with unique productions like the Citizen Media Law Project podcast and episodes of Berkman.tv. A selection of the archive is also available on Berkman's YouTube channel.
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Charlie Nesson moderates this thorough session on the future of knowledge, how it is stored and how it is shared. Practical use cases such as the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) in addition to other efforts to create registries for public domain works will be discussed, building upon and further illustrating previous thematic areas and pillar sessions, including copyright, user innovation, and free and fair use. Central considerations and driving questions regarding underlying technical architecture, legal challenges, legal support, and liability will inform the conversation.
Since its founding in 2009, the New America Foundation's Open Technology Initiative (OTI) has been a catalyst for innovative technology and telecom interventions. OTI is working in Philadelphia and Detroit to build community wireless networks in areas underserved by broadband providers. They also coordinate MeasurementLab.net (M-Lab), an open, distributed, global platform for Internet measurement tools, and the Commotion Mesh Wireless Project (a.k.a., "Internet-in-a-Suitcase") that has gained notoriety during the Arab Spring.
Sascha Meinrath — Director of the New America Foundation's Open Technology Initiative and Research Director of the Foundation's Wireless Future Program — discusses the work of the OTI, and challenges facing the spread of communications technology.
Research on software security vulnerabilities is a valuable example of peer production. However, hackers are often threatened with intellectual property lawsuits by companies who want to keep flaws secret. Oliver Day — a senior security researcher for Internet titan Akamai — and Derek Bambauer — a professor of internet law at Brooklyn Law School — propose a liability shield for security research to improve cybersecurity in a world dependent on cloud computing and mobile platforms.
Should kidnapping be a federal crime if use of the Internet or other telecommunications facilities is central to the crime's execution? Even if the physical act itself takes place within the borders of a single state?
Michele Martinez Campbell — Assistant Professor of Law at Vermont Law School (and accomplished crime novelist — presents case studies that illuminate a uniquely 21st century legal question about federalism, technology and criminal law.
This conversation was inspired by Berkman Fellow Persephone Miel, whose work focused on how compelling narrative and context for international stories could make unfamiliar international news more accessible to American and global audiences. Her efforts to support and promote talented local, non-US journalists whose work has the potential for global impact, but who need to overcome significant obstacles to succeed, are continued through a fellowship established in her honor by the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting, in partnership with Internews.
Journalists Fatima Tlisova (Voice of America) and Pulitzer Prize winner Dele Olojede join Ethan Zuckerman (Berkman Center/Global Voices), Colin Maclay (Berkman Center), Ivan Sigal (Global Voices), Jon Sawyer (Pulitzer Center) and the Miel family for a discussion and reflection on these questions, and on Persephone's work and the journalistic values she championed.
Societal demands to share large-scale collections of detailed personal information are driving new directions for privacy in data architectures. Based on prior research, Latanya Sweeney — Distinguished Career Professor of Computer Science, Technology and Policy at Carnegie Mellon University and founder and director of the Data Privacy Lab — discusses the privacy-preserving marketplace paradigm, which seeks to design data sharing arrangements as markets that must insulate or compensate data subjects for economic harms.
Glenn Otis Brown — Director of Business Development for Twitter in New York, and an alum of Google, YouTube, Creative Commons, and the Berkman Center among others — presents on two topics.
1) Bots, Mobs, Geeks: The new separation of powers
Are we be ruled by robots? The mob? Technocrats? Yes, yes, and yes. The question is not if, but how -- and how we should prevent any one of the three from taking over.
2) Top Secret, XXX, Private, All Rights Reserved
Confidentiality, content regulation, privacy, and copyright are all asking the same question: Who should have access to what kind of expression, and when? Why, then, do we continue talk about them as separate subjects? And what would happen if we approached them as part of a single, unified set of rules? Should organizations like Creative Commons move into offering "privacy licenses"? What can the music industry teach governments about Wikileaks? What can the CIA learn from YouTube?
Museums and academic institutions are rapidly digitizing their ethnographic collections to make them accessible to the public and to communities from which they originated. These practices amplify the public nature of institutional collections, create opportunities for re-thinking how collections should be shared online, and help merge global heritage policies and institutional practices with Aboriginal paradigms of knowledge circulation, ethics, and control.
In this talk about collaboratively designed virtual museum projects with Dane-zaa and Inuvialuit communities in Canada, Kate Hennessy — Director of the Making Culture Lab at Simon Fraser University’s School of Interactive Arts and Technology — shows how access to digital collections can both facilitate the reclaiming of intellectual property rights and copyright of cultural heritage––including the right to restrict circulation of cultural property––and support the design of archives and virtual exhibits on Aboriginal terms.
New research co-authored by Nicole Ellison — Associate Professor in the Department of Telecommunication, Information Studies, and Media at Michigan State University — attempts to identify specific Facebook-enabled behaviors that contribute to users’ ability to access diverse perspective, novel information, and social support.
In this talk Professor Ellison provides an overview of this research and explores the link between bridging social capital levels and Facebook-related factors such as time on site, the number of Facebook Friends, and a set of behaviors called “Cultivation of Social Resources.”
User trust has been identified as a key success factor of online business: A user's willingness to provide personal data is a prerequisite for online transactions. But the qualities that communicate trustworthiness to a user are varied and difficult to parse.
Miriam Meckel — Professor for Corporate Communication at the University of St. Gallen, Switzerland, and the Managing Director of the Institute for Media and Communication Management — discusses the results of a recent study of users of online services, and identifies the nine core drivers of online trust.
TurboVote is a service that makes voting by mail and voter registration as simple as renting a DVD with Netflix.
Seth Flaxman — Co-Founder and Executive Director of Democracy Works (and a former Berkman Center intern) — and Paul Schreiber — one of the software engineers behind Barack Obama's 2008 presidential campaign — talk about how, in two months for spare change, TurboVote built what the government couldn't do for any price, and discuss the project's legal, technical and philosophical issues
Universities are at a historical crossroads, for both structural, long-term processes, as well as for more recent developments, mostly due to political decisions and technology. In this talk Juan Carlos de Martin — coordinator of COMMUNIA, the European Thematic Network on the digital public domain — and Charles Nesson — Founder and Faculty Co-Director of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society — attempt to answer the question: How can we best develop the potential of an Internet-enabled University without losing sight of the University's ultimate goals in society?
Construct a corpus of digitized texts containing about 4% of all books ever printed, and then analyze that corpus using advanced software and the investigatory curiosity of thousands, and you get something called "Culturomics," a field in which cultural trends are represented quantitatively.
In this talk Erez Lieberman Aiden and Jean-Baptiste Michel — co-founders of the Cultural Observatory at Harvard and Visiting Faculty at Google — show how culturomics can provide insights about fields as diverse as lexicography, the evolution of grammar, collective memory, the adoption of technology, the pursuit of fame, censorship, and historical epidemiology.
Many young adults have incorporated social media into their daily practices, both academically and personally. They use these tools to connect, collaborate, communicate and create. In this talk, danah boyd — Social Media Researcher at Microsoft Research New England and affiliate of the Harvard University's Berkman Center for Internet and Society — examines the different social media practices common among young adults, clarifying both the cultural logic behind these everyday practices, and the role of social media in academia.
She is introduced by Judy Singer, Senior Vice Provost for Faculty Development and Diversity at Harvard University, and John Palfrey, Faculty co-director of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society.
Perry Hewitt — Director of Digital Communications and Communications Services at Harvard University — discusses social media resources at Harvard and how they've reacted to and helped shape the academic mission.
Social media — from blogs to wikis to tweets — have become academic media, new means by which scholars communicate, collaborate, and teach. This distinguished panel of Harvard faculty discuss how they are adopting and adapting to new communication and networking tools
Michael Sandel, Nancy Koehn, N. Gregory Mankiw, Harry R. Lewis, and John Palfrey.
There is a full-scale "communication crisis" going on. Otherwise meaningful conversations and valuable data points are spread incoherently across various platforms. As communication channels increase in number and function, how will formerly society-wide notions of culture and protocol evolve to a personal and group level?
Greg Elliott — a master's student at the MIT Media Lab — and Hugo Van Vuuren — a Berkman fellow — present Protocol, a tool to help users communicate their personal communication preferences over multiple communication platforms (in beta at www.protocol.by).
In an age of information overload too much of what we watch, hear and read is mistaken, deceitful or even dangerous. In a networked age, we are fully literate only if we are creators as well as active consumers, and the Internet has given us the tools to be both.
Dan Gillmor — founding director of the new Knight Center for Digital Media Entrepreneurship — discusses the themes of his recent book Mediactive: Using Media in a Networked Age, and demonstrates how the release of the book itself is an experiment in digital publishing.
With the rapid growth of Internet usage in Taiwan over the last decade has come an increase in cybercrimes such as online fraud, copyright infringement, and access offenses.
In this talk Doreen Tu — prosecutor of Taipei District Court Prosecutors' Office — discusses Taiwan's experiences and challenges of combating cybercrime.
In the mid-2000s, journalists and businesspeople heralded “Web 2.0” technologies such as YouTube, Twitter, and Facebook as signs of a new participatory era that would democratize journalism, entertainment, and politics. But user status and popularity has become a primary use of social media, maintaining hierarchy rather than diminishing it. In this talk Alice Marwick — a postdoctoral researcher in social media at Microsoft Research New England and a research affiliate at the Berkman Center — examines interactions between social media and social life in the San Francisco “tech scene” to show that Web 2.0 has become a key aspect of social hierarchy in technologically mediated communities.
Jamaican music-making practices present an interesting case study in the relationship between culture, copyright law, technology and power. In this talk Larisa Mann — a DJ, journalist, and student of Berkeley Law School's Jurisprudence and Social Policy Program — shows how the street dance, the explosively creative heart of Jamaican musical practice, suggests several ways that technology can help or hinder people currently excluded from formal systems of power.